Squint (also known as strabismus) is a condition that arises because of an incorrect balance of the muscles that move the eye, faulty nerve signals to the eye muscles and focusing faults (usually long sight). If these are out of balance, the eye may turn in (converge), turn out (diverge) or sometimes turn up or down, preventing the eyes from working properly together.
Squint is misalignment of eye. I.e. one eye appears straight while other eye appears either inwards, upwards, down or up.
Even very small degree of squint which cannot be corrected by the patient using his own strength is significant. Because the squinting eye is not used for vision so its ability to see does not develop.
It is very much necessary and essential to correct squint for the following reasons.
Squinting eye is not used for vision so its ability to see does not developed this leads amblyopic or lazy eyes.
We can see in three dimension only when both our eyes are open and aligned. You can close your one eye and see you will notice that everything is seen only is 2 dimension. So the power of 3D does not develop if the eyes are squinting because then only one eye is used for vision. This 3D power is very important for career like pilot, driver and also for doing microsurgery like eye surgery or neurosurgery.
Squinting children are invariably teased in school and this reduces their self-confidence and their performance.
A type of squint called accommodative squint is due to spectacles. This type gets eliminated by glasses only. Minor squint can be corrected by prisms. But most of the squints do need surgery as the first and last resort. Partially accommodative squint need both glasses and surgery.
Squint surgery is done on eye muscles which are present outside the eye ball. We do not enter the eye ball. Therefore the risk involved is very minimal.
30 min to 1 hour depending on the degree of squint.
In children general anesthesia. In adult it can be done under local anaesthesia.
Because this is a surface surgery eyes will remain red for 15 to 20 days. Most of the redness goes off by 1 month.
If the vision is good in both eyes i.e. if one of the eyes have not become lazy then the chances of reoccurrence are minimal. If the squint is due to loss of vision in one eye or if the eye has become permanently lazy then there is a small to moderate chance of recurrence of squint.
Occasionally minor adjustments are needed in cases or overcorrection or under corrections.
Squint surgery is based on measurements and surgical tables. There may not be applicable to all depending on their muscle strength and fitness. Therefore the under or over corrections do occur rarely. And hence we take only partial responsibility for the same.
Glass number may change after surgery. Squint surgery does not eliminate glasses.
As early as possible i.e. before the child develop lazy eyes and to secure maximum 3D power.
Can be done but changes of reoccurrence are slightly higher.
Reduces the power of development of lazy eye.
Good 3D vision
Improved self-confidence and performance.
“ALL THE POWERS IN THE UNIVERSE ARE ALREADY IN OURS. IT SI ONLY WE WHO HAVE PUT OUR HANDS BEFORE OUR EYES AND CRY THAT IT IS DARK – SWAMI VIVEKANAND"
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